Window Extrusion Easy

Automatic Sliding Aluminum Doors or Window Extrusion ?

Aluminum Sliding doors are stackable doors of many panels that move entirely to one side stacked neatly together. Their earliest form can be seen in traditional Japanese architecture. Now they are a definite feature of most public spaces like malls, hospitals etc. They are manufactured with a sophisticated track and frame system with a superior sliding mechanism. They offer an energetic look to any property and helps to maximize the light in the room and achieving the full potential of the view. They are a feasible alternative to bi-folding doors, Window Extrusion  in Pretoria  with a sash width going up to 120 cms.

Aluminium Windows Durban

What are the advantages of automatic aluminum sliding frame doors

· Disabled friendly – These automatic doors open and close on their own.

· Safety features – they have up to date safety features and wireless remote control as well. Timers allow security personnel to lock the doors without having to be present near them.

Aluminium Doors Durban

· Gives Footfall account – the number of times the door opens can be obtained. This is useful footfall information in malls or shops.

· Style and variety. These doors are available in aluminum, which can be painted to depict the company’s logo etc. in an office. The latest frameless glass doors are very popular among offices, where they allow an uninterrupted view of the proceedings outside.

Aluminium Door Frame

· They allow for heat or coolness retention since they open only when somebody approaches the door

What are the parts of an automatic aluminum sliding door

An automatic sliding door normally consists of the following parts

· Operator

· Header

· Track

· Carrier wheels

· Sliding door panel(s)

· Sidelite panel(s)

· Jambs

· Lock and activation/ safety setup

The door panels are made from extruded aluminum profiles and safety glass for visibility.

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

Applications of automatic sliding aluminum doors

· Higher the traffic through the doors, heavier will be the moving panel.

Good for offices, hospitals, malls, banks, restaurants, art galleries etc.

· Fire and smoke door applications

· Energy conservation

· Security control, directional control or card access control applications

Aluminium Door Frame Extrusions

Testing procedures – The doors are made to open and close automatically for forty eight hours at a stretch.

How are they assembled?

· When they are shipped, the instructions for installation accompany them.

· The instructions are to be read fully

· Two or more people are required to install it

· Be careful when handling the glass

· Operate power tools carefully according to manufacturer’s instructions

Aluminium Door Frame Extrusions

What is weatherstripping?

Weatherstripping is sealing the sliding panels from the elements of the weather by an insulation strip. This has to be replaced when it gets worn out.

What are the things to watch out for in automatic sliding doors

· Installation is not easy – the tracks have to be perfectly aligned, and more than one person is required to install a sliding door.

· The track attracts dirt because it is a series of grooves in which dirt accumulates very fast

Aluminium Profile Catalog

· The doors get jammed sometimes because of the rust and dirt of the metal parts. They have to be changed in this case. Regular oiling helps too.

· If there is a power cut, they will get jammed and they have to be forced open.

Interesting Facts About Window Extrusion in Sandton:

 About Window Extrusion in Sandton:

How To Make Aluminium Windows And Doors

Aluminium Extrusion process is undertaken by several companies today which offer extruded products to buyers. The extrusion process is generally utilized in production. It is used to create parts of homogeneous cross-sections and is done by squeezing the material all the way through an outlet under high-pressure. Aluminium extrusions are popular all over the world since the metal is easily available on the earth's crust. Besides, aluminium is widely used in several applications and it has numerous advantages as well.

Companies manufacturing extruded aluminium products offer extruded aluminium profiles, systems and finished products and semi-manufactured components. Enterprises manufacturing aluminium products are generally in search of products that can fulfill the needs of the customers. All through the manufacturing process, manufacturers must give close attention to quality, performance, economy and precision. Aluminium extrusion is generally simple, however, it might turn complex in case the demand of customers for extruded products differ. There is an assortment of aluminium extrusion profiles today in the market and people are keener to get the best product for any particular industry. If you are in the automobile industry and are in need of aluminium extruded products you must look for certain shapes that are just the apt for your industry. A company manufacturing aluminium extruded products manufacture according to the supply orders and are capable in offering all kinds of shapes. These extruded products are fabricated and customized and are unique according to needs.

There are several advantages to aluminium extrusion.

Aluminium is a widely available metal and through constant cross section several parts can be manufactured in the most reasonable way. The process of extrusion allows taking advantage of properties of aluminium and it expands. Thus, this manner indeed versatile as you can manufacture several shapes in just a simple process.

However, you need high-tech machinery for the process and you can produce shape indefinitely without spending a fortune in preparation costs. Hence, the process is totally economical. Roll-forming dies, in case you have heard about them they are costlier than extrusion die.

Aluminium extruded products have longer life than items made from steel or plastic. Besides, extrusion is meant to be the most environmentally friendly and economical solution. Aluminium as a metal even when not compared for its aluminium extrusion profiles and to weight properties. Even though it is light weight it has good strength. Aluminium is used for thermal and electrical conductivity. It is not only affordable it is also flexible in terms of shapes and size. It can adept to high temperatures and are thus preferred as utensils when used for heating water or boiling rice. It is corrosion resistant and can offer you good service over years. If you want you can easily recycle the metal. After steel all over the world aluminium is the most trusted and used metal. It can be fabricated to several shapes right from sheets, geometric shapes, to foils, tube, rod and wire.

So, if you are out there looking for aluminium extrusion profiles you can trust the process with closed eyes.

Window Extrusion in Sandton

Aluminium Doors Durban

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

Porch Railing Materials

How To Make Aluminium Windows And Doors

Porch Railings - First And Lasting Impression

The porch railing is the first thing your visitors sees and in order that it makes a lasting impression, this article gives you tips for porch railings. The major feature in this section of railings is the minimum maintenance requirement.

The Form And Look - Essence Of Porch Railing

Since the porch is the first thing, a visitor observes after getting down from the car it always makes a lasting impression on the visitor. Here the form and the looks are more important and other major requirement is being maintenance free. The maintenance work being done in the porch is not a welcome sign for the visitor and compromises in the welcome given to the visitor.

Materials Used In Porch Railings

Materials have to be carefully selected for porch railings, workability is more important since the form, and looks are more important here. Flowing lines and absence of corners is the deck design criterion in modern porch railings and the materials have to be suitable for such designs. Most common materials are,

  1. Stainless Steel: Because of high workability and the fact that it maintains shine for a long time and that too in adverse conditions, stainless steel is the preferred material in porch railings. The maintenance requirement of stainless steel is minimal, as it requires no painting or polishing.
  2. PVC coated steel: The steel can be coated with PVC in multiple colors. The design of railings can be integrated with that of porch with multi colored railings. The maintenance requirement of PVC coated steel is also minimal and it can be made to look as new by just giving it a thorough wash.
  3. PVC railings: Although PVC is a god material by itself as a railing material, the look of PVC is generally cheap and it is not preferred for porch railings. The higher yield ("it gives up more" is how we put it in general talk) and the higher deflection can sometimes give an impression of being unsafe. Therefore, it is not used as material for porch railing.
  4. Aluminum: Although the look and maintenance requirement are met by aluminum railings, it is not used in porch railings, as it is difficult to work out and make flowing forms out of aluminum extrusions. Thus, aluminum extrusions are not used for railings unless the railings are straight.
Make your choice of material porch railings and make a good first impression on your visitor and it sure will last for a long time. Aluminium Door And Frame

 


Automatic Sliding Aluminum Doors or Window Extrusion ?

Aluminum Sliding doors are stackable doors of many panels that move entirely to one side stacked neatly together. Their earliest form can be seen in traditional Japanese architecture. Now they are a definite feature of most public spaces like malls, hospitals etc. They are manufactured with a sophisticated track and frame system with a superior sliding mechanism. They offer an energetic look to any property and helps to maximize the light in the room and achieving the full potential of the view. They are a feasible alternative to bi-folding doors, Window Extrusion  in Most Popular  with a sash width going up to 120 cms.

Aluminium Sliding Doors Price List

What are the advantages of automatic aluminum sliding frame doors

· Disabled friendly – These automatic doors open and close on their own.

· Safety features – they have up to date safety features and wireless remote control as well. Timers allow security personnel to lock the doors without having to be present near them.

Aluminium Profile Catalog

· Gives Footfall account – the number of times the door opens can be obtained. This is useful footfall information in malls or shops.

· Style and variety. These doors are available in aluminum, which can be painted to depict the company’s logo etc. in an office. The latest frameless glass doors are very popular among offices, where they allow an uninterrupted view of the proceedings outside.

Aluminium Profile

· They allow for heat or coolness retention since they open only when somebody approaches the door

What are the parts of an automatic aluminum sliding door

An automatic sliding door normally consists of the following parts

· Operator

· Header

· Track

· Carrier wheels

· Sliding door panel(s)

· Sidelite panel(s)

· Jambs

· Lock and activation/ safety setup

The door panels are made from extruded aluminum profiles and safety glass for visibility.

Aluminum Window Frame Extrusions

Applications of automatic sliding aluminum doors

· Higher the traffic through the doors, heavier will be the moving panel.

Good for offices, hospitals, malls, banks, restaurants, art galleries etc.

· Fire and smoke door applications

· Energy conservation

· Security control, directional control or card access control applications

Aluminium Windows Cape Town

Testing procedures – The doors are made to open and close automatically for forty eight hours at a stretch.

How are they assembled?

· When they are shipped, the instructions for installation accompany them.

· The instructions are to be read fully

· Two or more people are required to install it

· Be careful when handling the glass

· Operate power tools carefully according to manufacturer’s instructions

Aluminium Framed Doors

What is weatherstripping?

Weatherstripping is sealing the sliding panels from the elements of the weather by an insulation strip. This has to be replaced when it gets worn out.

What are the things to watch out for in automatic sliding doors

· Installation is not easy – the tracks have to be perfectly aligned, and more than one person is required to install a sliding door.

· The track attracts dirt because it is a series of grooves in which dirt accumulates very fast

Aluminium Windows Sizes

· The doors get jammed sometimes because of the rust and dirt of the metal parts. They have to be changed in this case. Regular oiling helps too.

· If there is a power cut, they will get jammed and they have to be forced open.

Interesting Facts About Window Extrusion in Guide:

 About Window Extrusion in Guide:

Aluminium Sliding Doors Price List

If you want durability, low maintenance and weather resistance, aluminum railings are just the right metal for you. Look out for the best manufacturers, wholesalers or distributors who can match up your expectations.

Aluminum railings have a long list of benefits to offer for your homes. For all custom applications aluminum is the best metal to be used. Impact resistance, color retention and weather ability in any environment are the best features of aluminum railings you can find. They can be a perfect complement for a decorative porch or deck.

The aluminum railings can achieve any kind of shape to match your home decorations. Aluminum will not rust especially when they are power coated offer long lasting finish with superior protection against the elements and do not splinter or crack. So you need not have to get it painted after every few years unlike steel.

Aluminum railings have minimal shrinkage and expansion characteristics and remain consistent throughout extreme heating and cooling temperatures. If you are considering for other options like wood then you will have to get it treated with pesticides or chemicals. They even splinter or fail completely at times causing injury. Aluminum railings on the other side eliminate all these and let you have a friendly environment eliminating all your health concerns.

There are many aluminum railings Surrey manufacturers in the market who can even create one of your own deck styles by mixing aluminum balusters with another material. For example, it can be combined with wooden or bamboo rails to create an exotic ambience. Amongst numerous other ones, underneath are some significant characteristics of aluminum deck and porch railings and its complements or benefits:

- Interior and exterior guardrails and handrails.

- Clear or encased functional glass, aluminum pickets, aluminum convention panels, or cable cord for infill section options:

  • ADA compliant catch rails
  • Steel embeds and hefty measure components & for strength
  • Tempered glass for security & influence resistance
  • Tough, powder-coated finishes for better climate opposition and hue retention.
  • Water corrosion: Special coatings for opposition to saline water.

Manufacture of Aluminum railings offers every combination of furniture and deck railings to distinguish your deck from others and have the ability to be included in almost all styles.

Window Extrusion in Guide

Aluminium Windows Durban

While aluminium is a very versatile material and aluminium doors can be suitably installed in a variety of indoor and outdoor contexts, two of the best places for the installation of aluminium doors are in industrial locations and as barriers between the inside and outside.

Aluminium doors are ideally suited to being installed as a barrier between indoor and outdoor environments because of their weatherproof and durable nature. This makes them a top choice for patio doors and café or bar doors leading to courtyards. Aluminium is one of best materials for patio door frames because the metal is a strong and very low-maintenance product. The advantages of installing aluminium framed doors as barriers between in and outdoors are largely due to the natural properties of the metal which make it resistant to corrosion as well as being impermeable and odourless. The aluminium framed doors do not rust and provide premium stability if installed correctly. Not only do doors of aluminium come in an extensive range of powder coated colours, they can also be carefully patterned for various aesthetic effects. Finally, aluminium framed doors are one of the best doors to be installed between interior and exterior because they won't warp or swell in damp conditions as wooden doors often do.

One of the second locations where doors of aluminium are best installed is in the heavy duty contexts of factories and warehouses where they are often the number one choice for a variety of applications. The popularity of aluminium doors in these environments is due again to the naturally strong, durable and low-maintenance nature of the metal. Aluminium is able to withstand any of the bumps and scrapes that are customary during the movement and transport of industrial machinery and products. Doors for industrial locations are made from large, high-strength metal panels that withstand the passage of oversize cargo and bulky machinery. Another reason why aluminium doors are such a top choice for heavy duty purposes is because the metal can be thermally treated to be scratch and dent resistant.

These are just too of the most popular locations for aluminium framed doors, but really, with such a versatile metal, the possible applications are endless. As well as providing a practical patio door and industrial door solution, glass and aluminium doors can be used inside the home in bathrooms and bedrooms as well as in the interiors or offices and other commercial constructions.

Important Things You Should Know About Bifold Doors

Aluminium Frame Profile

Having lived with all three types of windows and patio doors in the past three years, I feel that I am an 'expert user' when it comes to opening and closing in each medium: wood, pvc and aluminium.

First, the novice's choice: wood. It looks great, feels warm, can be stained a medium or dark shade or painted any colour of the spectrum. It's an age-old medium so what can go wrong? The main problems are humidity and strong sunlight.

There are varying qualities of wood on offer, depending on your budget. A moderately-priced pair of French doors on a south-facing house wall suffered a degree of warping, creating gaps that had to be plugged each winter in an attempt to keep the cold draughts at bay whereas, in warmer damp circumstances, the door had to be forcibly pushed and pulled back into its aperture.

Two good summers and the four coats of varnish had virtually vapourised, revealing cracking wood that needed nourishing and protecting from the next couple of years' weather.

Second, the double-glazing salesman's special offer: PVC. Overpriced by a couple of well-known companies who then discount by 50% if you hesitate, PVC is also available in varying qualities. At the higher end of the market, the frames are often reinforced with metal.

Generally with more features than wooden doors and windows, PVC should not require much more than a quick wipe with a damp cloth for the first few years and its looks are therefore easier to maintain. We have some PVC French Doors from the lower price range. As value for money, they are quite good but an element of trust is lacking in terms of defence against determined intruders. They feel floppy and flimsy when opening and closing and there's a knack to locking and unlocking them successfully. We have older PVC doors from the higher price range and, whilst more sturdy (reinforced with metal) they are looking a tad ratty.

The PVC windows screeched with wind whistling through, like semi-detached tinnitus.

Thirdly and finally, the long term investment: powder-coated aluminium frames. If you are fed up with sanding down wooden frames and considering the easy option of PVC or coated aluminium, particularly for a wide opening with multi-folding doors. Consider whether PVC is up to the task of substituting for the wall of your house.

Stand back and look through closed doors at the difference between PVC and aluminium - it is very noticeable. With PVC, there are windows of scenery between wide areas of plastic (two frames together might measure between 8 and 10 inches, 20 to 25cms) so the doors block up to 20 per cent of the potential view and light-source.
 
Aluminium frames on bifolding doors from manufacturer SunSeeker Doors, being stronger, are only about 2 inches or 5 centimeters. The profile is also considerably smaller so the doors use far less space than PVC or wood when folded back. For those who want color, several options are available to order, the most popular (after standard white) are: Grey, blue, green, brown and silver. Aluminium Frames are more expensive than cheap PVC or wood but prices are comparable with the better quality PVC doors. Is aluminum worth the extra cost? If you want the "wow" factor, strength, longevity, maximum living space and the most panoramic view,Yes.

Aluminium Framed Doors

 


Automatic Sliding Aluminum Doors or Window Extrusion ?

Aluminum Sliding doors are stackable doors of many panels that move entirely to one side stacked neatly together. Their earliest form can be seen in traditional Japanese architecture. Now they are a definite feature of most public spaces like malls, hospitals etc. They are manufactured with a sophisticated track and frame system with a superior sliding mechanism. They offer an energetic look to any property and helps to maximize the light in the room and achieving the full potential of the view. They are a feasible alternative to bi-folding doors, Window Extrusion  in List   with a sash width going up to 120 cms.

Aluminium Windows Sizes

What are the advantages of automatic aluminum sliding frame doors

· Disabled friendly – These automatic doors open and close on their own.

· Safety features – they have up to date safety features and wireless remote control as well. Timers allow security personnel to lock the doors without having to be present near them.

Aluminium Windows Sizes

· Gives Footfall account – the number of times the door opens can be obtained. This is useful footfall information in malls or shops.

· Style and variety. These doors are available in aluminum, which can be painted to depict the company’s logo etc. in an office. The latest frameless glass doors are very popular among offices, where they allow an uninterrupted view of the proceedings outside.

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

· They allow for heat or coolness retention since they open only when somebody approaches the door

What are the parts of an automatic aluminum sliding door

An automatic sliding door normally consists of the following parts

· Operator

· Header

· Track

· Carrier wheels

· Sliding door panel(s)

· Sidelite panel(s)

· Jambs

· Lock and activation/ safety setup

The door panels are made from extruded aluminum profiles and safety glass for visibility.

Aluminium Door And Frame

Applications of automatic sliding aluminum doors

· Higher the traffic through the doors, heavier will be the moving panel.

Good for offices, hospitals, malls, banks, restaurants, art galleries etc.

· Fire and smoke door applications

· Energy conservation

· Security control, directional control or card access control applications

Aluminium Doors Durban

Testing procedures – The doors are made to open and close automatically for forty eight hours at a stretch.

How are they assembled?

· When they are shipped, the instructions for installation accompany them.

· The instructions are to be read fully

· Two or more people are required to install it

· Be careful when handling the glass

· Operate power tools carefully according to manufacturer’s instructions

Aluminium Doors Durban

What is weatherstripping?

Weatherstripping is sealing the sliding panels from the elements of the weather by an insulation strip. This has to be replaced when it gets worn out.

What are the things to watch out for in automatic sliding doors

· Installation is not easy – the tracks have to be perfectly aligned, and more than one person is required to install a sliding door.

· The track attracts dirt because it is a series of grooves in which dirt accumulates very fast

Aluminium Framed Doors

· The doors get jammed sometimes because of the rust and dirt of the metal parts. They have to be changed in this case. Regular oiling helps too.

· If there is a power cut, they will get jammed and they have to be forced open.

Interesting Facts About Window Extrusion in Top:

 About Window Extrusion in Top:

Aluminium Door And Window Frames

Aluminum doors are once popular in the home building industry. With the changes in architectural taste, however, many people opted for different styles of sliding doors. Nonetheless, even when the interest in this type of door has already declined, it still has various advantages that could not be provided by other types of doors.

For one, aluminum pocket doors are great space savers. They could be used in several instances when space is an issue. For example, a room which could not be fixed with a hinge door could make use of a pocket door. This is the case when there is a permanent obstruction along the pathway where the door swings. Since the door runs along a hidden track and vanishes inside a pocket in the wall, there is no longer a need to open the door fully by swinging. Thus, the door does not require more space before it could be opened. Also, a pocket door could effectively replace a standard door when there is no other way but hide the door inside the walls.

Aluminum sliding doors is also a great alternative to ordinary wood, vinyl or plastic doors. This is because the doors are predicted to capture the future trend in home designing alongside glass and other metals.

There are downsides to using the doors though. For one, these doors could not be used in places where there are extreme temperatures as aluminum tends to adopt to the temperature of its surrounding. This would not help neutralize the heat or the coldness inside a room, for example. Also, aluminum, unlike wood, glass and fiberglass doors, tends not to blend in with most architectural design. For instance, the doors would not work well with Victorian-style inspired homes. They are, however, common among conventional houses where steal panels and other metals are used in decorating the house.

Also, one cannot really play well with colors on the doors. Usually, homeowners have to settle with the metallic look. This doesn't say that the natural aluminum surface is not good. In fact it is. However, for people who are fond of playing with colors, the doors may not be the best choice.

Another drawback to using the doors is that they tend to catch the atmosphere of large kitchens since they are usually associated with the kitchen doors of most restaurants. But again, this may not be as bad at all since many people actually love to create a certain atmosphere in their kitchen that may only be contributed to metals.

A change of look is what a sliding door could give when used in residential homes. In the industrial settings however, they have become the mainstay.

Window Extrusion in Top

Aluminium Window Frames For Sale

High strength aluminium alloys.

The origin of aluminium alloys in aircraft construction started with the first practical all-metal aircraft in 1915 made by Junkers in Germany, of materials said to be `iron and steel'. Steel presented the advantages of a high modulus of elasticity, high proof stress and high tensile strength. Unfortunately these were accompanied by a high specific gravity, almost three times that of the aluminium alloys and about ten times that of plywood. Aircraft designers during the 1930s were therefore forced to use steel in its thinnest forms. To ensure stability against buckling of the thin plate, intricate shapes for spar sections were devised.

In 1909 Alfred Wilm, in Germany, accidentally discovered that an aluminium alloy containing 3.5 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium and silicon and iron, as unintended impurities, spontaneously hardened after quenching from about 480°C. The patent rights of this material were acquired by Durener Metallwerke who marketed the alloy under the name Duralumin. For half a century this alloy has been used in the wrought heat-treated, naturally aged condition. The improvements in these properties produced by artificial ageing at a raised temperature of, for example, 175°C, were not exploited in the aircraft industry until about 1934.

In addition to the development of duralumin (first used as a main structural material by Junkers in 1917) three other causes contributed to the replacement of steel by aluminium alloys. These were a better understanding of the process of heat treatment, the introduction of extrusions in a wide range of sections and the use of pure aluminium cladding to provide greater resistance to corrosion. By 1938, three groups of aluminium alloys dominated the field of aircraft construction and, in fact, they retain their importance to the present day. The groups are separated by virtue of their chemical composition, to which they owe their capacity for strengthening under heat treatment.

The first group is contained under the general name duralumin having a typical composition of: 4 per cent copper, 0.5 per cent magnesium, 0.5 per cent manganese, 0.3 per cent silicon, 0.2 per cent iron, with the remainder aluminium. The naturally aged version was covered by Air Ministry Specification DTD 18 issued in 1924, while artificially aged duralumin came under Specification DTD 111 in 1929. DTD 111 provided for slight reductions in 0.1 per cent proof stress and tensile strength.

The second group of aluminium alloys differs from duralumin chiefly by the introduction of 1 to 2 per cent of nickel, a high content of magnesium and possible variations in the amounts of copper, silicon and iron. `Y' alloy, the oldest member of the group, has a typical composition of. 4 per cent copper, 2 per cent nickel, 1.5 cent magnesium, the remainder being aluminium and was covered by Specification DTD 58A issued in 1927. Its most important property was its retention of strength at high temperatures, which meant that it was a particularly suitable material for aero engine pistons. Its use in airframe construction has been of a limited nature only. Research by Rolls-Royce and development by High Duty Alloys Ltd produced the `RR' series of alloys. Based on Y alloy, the RR alloys had some of the nickel replaced by iron and the copper reduced. One of the earliest of these alloys, RR56 had approximately half of the 2 per cent nickel replaced by iron, the copper content reduced from 4 to 2 per cent, and was used for forgings and extrusions in aero engines and airframes.

The third and latest group depends upon the inclusion of zinc and magnesium and their high strength. Covered by Specification DTD 363 issued in 1937, these alloys had a nominal composition: 2.5 per cent copper, 5 per cent zinc, 3 per cent magnesium and up to 1 per cent nickel. In modern versions of this alloy nickel has been eliminated and provision made for the addition of chromium and further amounts of manganese.

Aircraft structural aluminium.

Of the three basic structural materials, namely wood, steel and aluminium alloy, only wood is no longer of significance except in laminates for non-structural bulkheads, floorings and furnishings. Most modern aircraft still rely on modified forms of the high strength aerospace aluminium alloys which were introduced during the early part of the 20th century. Steels are used where high strength, high stiffness and wear resistance are required. Other materials, such as titanium and fibre-reinforced composites first used about 1950, are finding expanding uses in airframe construction.

The Pros and Cons of Using Aluminum Doors

Aluminium Profile If you have a wonderful house with a great view of your garden or picture-postcard scenery spread gorgeously in front then you need doors that give an unimpeded view.
Consider the standard options like sliding doors. A part of the opening will always remain covered regardless of whether you use two partitions or three partitions. French doors simply do not suit large openings. The answer is custom bifold doors especially when the opening is large and an unrestricted view is desired. They save space and give an unhindered view of the exteriors.
The term bifold doors may be a misnomer since these doors are, in effect, made up of several panels that fold together like an accordion or concertina into a compact bunch of panels that do not take up much space and stay neatly on one side of the opening. You have a clear view. Standard panel sizes may range from 24 to 36 inches in width or customized to suit the width of the openings, which could be a better option in some cases. Custom bifold doors can help save space and the use of matching hardware means it will be a joy to operate.
Customization could take several forms. You can choose to have bifold doors with narrow or broader panels to suit design considerations and aesthetics of how the door will look when fully closed. Narrow panels do give a nice look but in some cases one may wish for a less obstructed view in which case broader panels serve the purpose. Cost will also vary. Obviously more panels lead to higher cost but the advantage is that opening and closing the bifolds will be easier when the door has narrow panels and they take up less space.
Where there are doors with glass the question of curtains or blinds always comes up. Here again customization helps when you choose double glazing panels with inbuilt blinds that are totally sealed within and can be opened or closed by sliding a magnetic latch. Such integrated bifold doors also help save space and present a neater appearance. Then there are small details that the installer and manufacturer will take care of such as using quality sliding tracks, pivots and hinges that integrate seamlessly into the aluminum frame. Another matter that necessitates customization is whether to place the track at the top or bottom. It is best to consult a reputed door supplier and installer and get a site inspection in order to get a customized fitting.
Bifold doors are not meant just as a partition between indoors and outdoors. They can also be used indoors to good effect as space savers between rooms. One can have a larger opening without the inconvenience of large door panels creating obstructions in confined spaces.
Bifold doors have several advantages such as ease of use, complete opening up of a room to the outside, security with the right set of hardware and energy efficiency. These advantages can be further enhanced by customizing the bifold panels along with glazing and hardware fittings. How To Make Aluminium Windows And Doors